9EOIPANHL LTPEAITZA,r.

- MITA9AL

.8E04lANHl: l:TPEAITZAl: · MTIAE>Ar;

H pOKpafwVI} ~u~avnvl} napaoooq UTfJ pVI]lEWKI} ~wypacptKI} (vwnoypacpfa) Ken UTq cpopq1l1 axovo DUVEXf<ITfJKE Kat p.na 1IJV aAwoIJ Hle; TIoAq_e; (1453). H ~u~ovnvq '[EXVq E~OKOAouSef va KoAAtEpYElmt Kat va E~E,\(aaE1Ol Ewe; Kat rov 190 alwva. H ME1a~U~avnvl}, onon; OVOp6~ETat, ~wypacptKq, EXEt nc pt~E<; 1q<; <ITfJv nop600oq lq<; 1EAWWtae; nepioooo U]_e; ~ll~avnvqe; ~wypa<ptKt}e;, nou ovopaUTIJKE IIaAmoA6YEw cno rq ollvaOlElo 1WV IIaAmoAOywv (1261 - 1453) (Eix. 1). Tcuroxpova, OE'XElOt Kat nc EmOpaOEl<; 1qe; AvaYEvvqmaK* LlUTIK* ~wypaq>tKqe;, P.E nc KmV010plEe; Tqe;, onwe; EKO'1AwSIIKav <ITIIV haMa, 0l11v onotc noUot ~u~avnVOl ~wypacpOl KffiEqmyav. LlII yvwplp.fo P.E 1IIv AvaYEVYqmaKq n:)"'VfJ OllVE~oAE KOt 10 YEyov6; on 11 KPl}1fJ Kat 10 Errrrivqon ~p(aKovmv uno EVETlKq KUplOPX10.

Ot pEm~ll~avnvol ~wypa<pOl crrexrqocv Kat aVEmu~av Elm 0150 otmpopETtKEe; ,[Exvo1ponlEe;, 1IIv maniera italiana, orcv om:u6uvovmv oe Ka80Auul neAOTElo Kat TqV maniera greca q byzantina, Olav 10 {pya LOUe; npoopuoVlOV ylO opeooo~oue; 'EMfJVEe;.

H KpI)lIJ. KOtlOlOhEpa 0 X6VOOKOe; (HpaMELO) I)lOV crro LOV 150 atwva oqpcvnxo KaAAnExvIKo KEVlpO. IIoMol Kpqnxof (wyp6<pot EYKffiEAEmav 10 vqat}l€ npooptopo lIIv haMo KOt EVOlapEaO, auxvo, ma8p.o lqV qnElpwUKI) EMooa, orrou Kat OlEOtoav TIJ.V 1EXVOlporrfo TOUe;, 1) onofo aup.~anKo 0- VO}lOO1T)KE uKPIITlKI)II, Aoyw TOll apXlKou ronou KOToywyqe; rrov ~wypocpwv. Ilposerrci ylO }ltO '[Exvo1pon(a rrou Hlv xopaKl11Pl~€l fJ EVlOVfJ rrpooqAwofJ 010 ~u~aVllva npotunc, OKO}l1) Kat otcv EVOW}lOTWVOVlOl, one; ~wypacpIKEe; OUV6EaEle;, amtXEla ~Ev6<pEPW, noAIKa.

IITQPIA TON TEXNON - EPTA KAI aHMIOYPfOI

Et'IC. 1. Mwrpric;, OOlly1rpza, vonoovmc6 napt1C.,.).ilfJW.

Ol.l1YWI Ilavtec, AmwJ1ipew. TOlxoyparp{a, 1312/1313 - 1322.

H MELa~u~avnvl) TIEp(oBo.:; aVEBEl~E ITA1)60C; ~wyp6<pwv, rroAAol cno lOU':; orrotooc EYlYaV ovopcorof Olf}V ETIOXI) roue, Efvci xapcocrl]ptOllKO, on, uno lI1V ETIfBpaoI1, (OWC;, lOU nveriporoc lOU Oupcviopoo, nou ETIIKpmOUoE 0lI} £luoI}, at JlEmpu~avnvo( ~wyp6<p01, OE OVlf8EOI1 pe 10UC; ~u~avnvouc;, uITEypaqwv tc tpya lOUC;, Kup(wc;mu; <pOpf}lEC; EIKOVEe;, 11E anO"[tAEOl1a va OW~ov1m ol)l1Epo napa nOAA6 ono ro ovopctc roue. 0 MlxotlA .cwp:aoKI}vo<; (153 0/15 35 - p:ct6 to 1591) Ei VOl 0 rno vvootoc, Ioox, ~wy p6<poe; <po PI}1({}v E lKOVWV lOU 160u mwva.

01 ~Wyp6<p0l BouAEuav XPI1o1p:onotwV1a<; }lEy6Aa oovepvstc 11E OlKOYEveioko nupl)va (lOU<; ylOue; roue) Kat rro'\'\ouc; p0I18oue; Kat 11a81}lEuo}l€VOuc;. Ta oovepvetc 1)1av n€plOOEu0V10. Ta~(8EUav, cnotqv apxt1 11}e; 6vOl~qe; Ewe;

0E01;lANHI: I:TPEAITZAI: - MnA0AI:

TO TEAae; TOU KaAOKatplOU, EKTEAWvWe; ne; oU}1<PwvI}llEVEe; -llE Eyypa<pa OE noMEe; nepmrooeic- napaYYEAfee;. To olKOVOlltKO p6:poe; TI]e; 8ouAEl6:e; avaAappavav, 6nwe; Kat 01I} Lluoq, 01 KuiTopEe; TaU EPYOU, or onoioi Ka86pL~av Kat TO ELKovoypmplK6 np6ypapp.o.

To 160 mwva 11. TOlxoypaqr(a (vrorrovpcqnc) orqv EAA66a YVWPlOE TTlv }lEyaAuTEpI} aKllfl Tqe;. 'Evcc an6 TOUe; ovopcorocc ~wyp6:<poue; aUTqe; Tqe; nspt66ou, 0 onotoc or}}1Epa SeWpELTat we; 0 SE}lEAtWTqe; Kat xupiorspoc EKnp6- ownoe; TI}C; AEyO}lEVI}C; KpI}TIKr}e; oxoAqe;, TOU ~wypa<p1Kou, oI}Aa8rj_, ouorrjjrcTO<;, nou ornnoupy~8I]KE }lE ~auq TI}V "KpqnKq" TEXVOTpon(a, urrr}p~E 0 0EO<p6:vqe; LrpeALT(ae;-Mna86:c; ana Tqv Kpr}tq.

01 apXEtaKEe; nAqpo<popfEe;, an6 Tq Movr] 1:r1e; Aaupac; Kat Tq BEvETla, yta Tq ~wq tau ~wypaq)Qu sfvci napa noAMe;. H OtKOyE"vEl6: TOU xcrcvotcv ana TO MouXAf TI]e; ITEAonovvqoou, an' 6nou Kat 0 <pI}}lLOJlEvoe; ~wypa(poe; TOU n~Aoue; TOU 150u at. 2Evoe; LllYEvrj_e; Kat EYKmam68I]KE otnv KpqTq nptv an6 TO l486. LTllv {Eha KaAAlTExvlKrj_ OlKoY€VEla cvrixcv 0 MapKoc;

I LTPEAir~ac;-Mna86c; Kat 0 8wJlae; MnaHoe; nou EpyumI}Kav mq BEVETIa I ~Eaa <TID 160 at",va, xrn, (0"'" Kat Karrow, Iletpoc l:Tpd(T,a, rrou ote 1560 Epya~6Tav OlD Hp6:KI\EW.

o 8Eo<pavI]C; JlvqpOVEUTI]KE yta npWTI} cpopa mqv avopS6ypmpq KUITOplKq Entypa<pq Tqe; Movrjc TOU Ay. Ntxoxcoo Avanauo6 oro METEwpa, TO 1527 (EZ1C. 2). TI} xpovla aUlrj_, nOD 0 0EOcpO:V'le; OEXS'lKE TIlV np6oKA'lo'1 va OlaKOO}lr}OE1 TO Ka8oA1K6 TOll }l0V001I]plOU, Sa dXE: qoq HI <pqpI} ixcvoo ~wyp6<pou, av Kat kovsvo npoveveotepo EPYO TaU OEV etvci orjpspo yvwmo. rvwpi~ou}1e 6n fiXE yiVEt }lovax6e;, ExoVTae; npoqyouJlEVWe; crroxnjcer QUO YlOUe;, Ol ortotoi oV0}lu(oVTav LU}lE(0V Kat NE6cpUlOe; Kat EYlvav mfo'le; ~wypacpOt. H E:lKovoypacpqoI] TOU vcoo TOU Avcncocc 8ECUPElTat EpyO Tqe; VE6- 1"I}1:ae; TaU 0EO<p6:vq. EK<ppa~E1 ne; ava~qTr}OELe; vsoo KaAAnExvq, }lE ouv8eOEte; }llKPWV, sere xcvovc, OLaOTaOEWV (A6yw lOU m:plOpLOpEVOU xwpou orov JlIKp6 rpouscro va6). H AEIITDOOUAE}lEVI} TEXV1KQ TWV CPOP'lTWV E1K6vwv Evappov(~E:Tat }lE 1"qv rropaooOlaKq KpqHKrj_ HEJlaTOAoy(a, EVW naAIKEe; EITlopaOEIC; etvci f}l<pave(c; OE opiopevu HE}law (EZ1C. 3).

IETOPlA TON TEXNON - EPrA KAT AHMloyprOl

Etx. 2. Mcriwpa, Mov1 Ar. NnwAao_v Avanavoa, H (/)pa}"Ki).wou;. TOlxoyparpia, 1527,

Et«. 3. Maiwpa, Mov1 Ay. Nixosoo» Avanavaa. 0 AMI' 6ivE'l am (wa W ov6J.-laui Wv(.

T OlXO fParpia., 1527.

8EO<PANI-II ~TPEAITZAl: - MrrA8A~

I'ic 1"0 ouimTl1.ta 1527 EWe; 1535, xpovui nOD 0 Gw<pavlle; OtaKOO_ll1)O£ 10 KaHoAtKO lqe; Movrjc Mqlmqe; Aaupae;, OEV EXOU_IlE nAqpo(popiEe; yw ttc opamllPtOlll1Ee; 1"OU <Wyp6<pOD. H axpovoA6yq11l Kat avun6ypa<pq svtunootaKI] OWKOOP.qOI]_ nlS TpanE<ae; (= lpaTIE<apfae;) lqe; Aaupm; aTI06(0E1at pE ~E~atOUIW oro 0w<p<ivI} (1535-1541). To 1535, <ptAOn~XVl]oE n~ E1K6vE-; TOU KatVOUpylOU ~UA1VOD eucovoorccfou 11)e; Aaupae;, 6.WTIOllKEe;, LlwoEKaopTO Kat TO }lEyaAo orcopo JlE rc OUO Aunqpa. 'OAEe; Ot EtKOVEe; ow<ovrat Orj_PEpa OE KaArj_ xcteotcoq, av Kat OEV EXEt owHd 10 (OW 10 EtKOVOOlaOlO. 0 SEo<pavll<; EytVE lJ:ovaXOC; mil Accpo TO 1536.

METa~u 1535 Kat 1545 0 KpqnKo-;<wyp6<p0-; npsnei vc <wypa<ptOE Kat He; EIKOVEe; 010 EIItOlUAlO TOU lE}lnAou lIle; Movrjc I~rj_pwv, cno TO orroto oqJlEpa ow(ovrat reooepc lJl1J.Jlma, KaHwc; Kat OUO LlwnoHKEC; EtKOVEe;Olqv (ow _Ilovrj_ (XplOlOC; Ilrrvtenorrtnc, I1avayfa 06flyrj_lpW). Zwypa<pwE errforjc, 01a 1542, ne; EIK6vEC; 1flC; MEyaAqc; LlEqOq C; OlO naAm6 sucovoordot lOU Ilpotdtou one KapuEC; (Ayto 'Opoc),

LU}l<pwva }lE yparnEC; paplup(EC;, 0 8Eo<pavTjC; pE to yw lOU LUlJ:EWV ouvEpyamllKav 011] OWK60pI]oq 1"OU KaHoA1KOU (KUp(We; vcoo Kat vap8qKa) lfle; Movrj; LlaupovlKqw 010 Ayto 'Opoc, ana 10 lEAoe; lOU 1545 we; re pEoa lOU 1546. 'Epvo roue cxopc 8EWpdwl Kat q OWKOOpqO'llOU napEKKAqofou lOU Ilpoopopoo mqv (ow JlOVI], aAAa Kat 01lO1xoypa<plEe; Hle; TpcinE<m:;. 0 8w<pav1)C; unoAoyf(nat on Sa qwv 10TE lJ:ETa~u 50 Kat 60 E1WV Kat 0 LU}lEWV uepinoo 25. Etvci noAu nt8avo vaEAa~E JlEPOC; 011) 01aK6oJlqoq Kat 0 NEO<pU10C;. I1POKEllat, OfjAa0I], yw HlV lcAEulata OlKOYEV£WKq oovepvcoto lWV (wyp<i<pwv. Mercvevsorspo YVWOlO EpyO lOU NEO<pUlOU dvat 0 claKooJloe; Ifje; paatA1Kqe; lqe; KO(_Il11011C; 111C; I1avayfae; Olqv KaAallnciKa (1573). ME TO 8Eo<pavI) oovepvdotrpccv m8aVOlma Kat OAAOl KPI]llKOf (wYP0<POl.

To 15360 0Eo<pavqe; crrextqos Eva "Ka8tOJla'\ ofjAaOI] l<..'LI}}lmlKtl. 1010- xtqotc, mq Aaupa yw va 10 EXE1 ECP' opou ~wqe; aurae; Kat rc neuOla lOU. To 1540 ay6paoE ouo "a6EAcpma" Yla to natOla lOU, npcvpc rrou cnooeiKVUEl 6u EiXE EpyamEl cnooouxd Kat EiX£ KEpOtOEl cpxero xpqpma. Ftc A6youe; nouSe yvwpi(OUJlE EYKmaOla8qKE, }lEla ana tptc xpavta, otnv rrpW1Euouoa lOU Ayfou 'OpOUC;, rtc Kcpoe; Kat avraMa~£ 6Aa lOU 10 Klrj_JlOla }l' Eva I'KE,\i"1I}C; Aaupac; one; KapuEe; nou ovopccorov Ilopvcc, xc-

T!:TOPTA TON TEXNON - EPfA KAT ~HMIOYPfOI

8we; Kat }lE KlIl110W O1'lV m.:pwxq· 'OAo OUT<l10 omulP'loE EWe; crooapoyE yta TEAeul0io <pop a yta TO HpaMao, orrou Kat m~Boye, TO 1559. Ito TO 0XET1KO }lE TO BavOlo TOU }lae; nAIJ.p0<p0pcf }lin oeipo OUJ1~o.\atOypa<ptKWV eyypa<pwv crro to Hpdxssto, TO orrofc ~piOKOVTat TWpO 010 Bevenxri cpXElo. H a~16Aoy'l Ktv'lul nsptooofc TaU ~wypa<pou }lETO~l~Om:IJ.KE oro ouo TOU rrmola. Mnopoiipe va unoBEoouJlE on IJ. }lEyaA'l JIEPlOUofo lOU ~wyp6- <pou cvtrmoxpworav OE O'l1l0VT1KqC; EXWO'le; nopaywvrl. TotXOyp0<P1WV xct <P0P'llWV ElKOVWV, Epya nou ElTE OE yvwpf~OU}lE efts EX0tly },OloOlpa<pd.

LT'lV Movr] EI0upovlKqla 08wq>avI}e; ~wypaqnae 10 1546 Kat ttc OEKOnEVlE EtKOVEe; lOU 6.WOEKOOPTOU, nov cnotskouccv TO EIIlon:lAto TOU TEJlnAov. 0 EvarrdwJl6r; (Ei». 4) Kat I} "Eu; Aoov Kri6oooc;", 81),\081) 1) Avrimaar;, (Ez'K. 5), Eivat BUD ana ttc E1KOVEe; OVTEe;. Ene; BUD EtK6vEe; ovayvwpi(OVTat 6Aa TO XOpaKTI1PWHKa 11)e; TEXVI}C; TaU GEo<paV1) Kat T'1.e; KP'1.TlKqC; 0XOAqc;, nou etvci 11 yaA~v1a EK<ppaaq OTa np6owna, 01 apllovlKa OE}lEvec; }lop<p€e;, nov EVOnotOUVTOl OE llta OTEpEI} KAEWTq ouv8WI}, 1) PEu0161'lla TqC; muxoAoyiae;, nov ovaOE1KVUEl OtaKpmKa 10 OWllOTlKO OYKO Kat I} ap}lOV1KrJ. nAatofwoq TWV }lop<pwv ano 10 apXlTEKTOV1K6 OKI}VtKO.

EI"X. 4. Arzov 'Opoc, Mov1 J.:r;avpovzx·rj:ra. 0 Evayydwp,6c;, E1.x6va Entmv:t(ov rtpnlov, 1546.

0EOI1lANHI: I:TPEAITZAl: - MOA8Ar.

Et«. 5, Jl.ywv 'Opoc; MOVIj Eravpovr;>~w. H Eu; Jl.oov Kdeooor:;, asova l:nmv).{ov u:l1nAOV, 1546.

LTO Ka8oMKo TI)<; MOVI]S Etcupovucrjrc, nou ttpcrct 010 ovopo TOU Ay.

Nixoscoc, I) olara~I} rov ElKOvoypa<plKwv KUKAcuv aKoAOu8ef TO K.a81epCUllEYO, cno TI}V mox~ rov ilaAatoAoywv, oootqpc, TO onofo Ecpapllo<etat ana TOU<; KPI}llKOU<; TO 160 aHDvo moue; rstpcotusouc, mauponode; Kat llE TpOUAo vcotic. LTD Ka801\lKO, 0llwC;, TOU Ay. Nucosco», 0 xwpOC; napouota<a Kanotsc tOlO}10pcpIEe;, Ol onotsc, KUp(WC;, 0XETf<ovrm pE TI}V avamu~1) TWV OKI}vwv oe UqlOC;, A6yw TOU E0111!)KOUC; lOU icnpiov (Erx. 6).

LlOV "[pauAo WIEIKOV«ETat 0 Ilovtoxpritopoc pEoa OE KVKAo, EVW (11) yupw ~wvI} onelKov(~EWl I} €Jda Aenovpy{a (Et» .. 7). KalW ana TIl eEfa Anroopvto, 010 T\Jp.novo "[au TpovAou Kat cveueoc O1a nap6:8upa, ncpiorcvovrci 8EKOlEOOEptC; oA6owtIot npocp*EC; P.E aAI]T6:pta, EVeD ore mpmp1K6: rptywva onaKovf<oVTat 01 EuoyyeAlmEc; .. Lll)V atpfoa IOU Iepoe B~}lcnoC; crreiKovf<OVTat 1epapxec;, I) Korvrovtc TWV An0010AWV Kat I] TIavayfa Bpsqiospcroooo. Iep6:pxec; crreucovtcovtm Kat OE 6:AAouc; xwpOUC; TOU Iepou B~}lmoc;. Ilcpiorcvovrci, sntcqc, OKI}VtC; ana TI]V TIa,\at6: 6.ta8~KI}, nou ouvosovror pe tI} Aatpefo, npocp~tEe; Kat aylOl. Tevtxc, 01 OKl)vec; TOU Iepoo Bqpmoc;, EKcppa<ouv, pe ElKOVEe; aup~oAIKOU XopoKT~pa, ttc Olo8eptc; 8EOAoYlKEC; 18{ec; JIOU OKOlJYOVTat moVetA.1)pp.EvO 01110t6:pKElO T1)C; edae; Ael1oupyfoe;.

n:TOPIA Tn~ n:Xl\'m~ - EPfA KAI MIMIOYPfm

Eix: 6. }J ywv Upo«, Mov~ EraVpOV1'K1j7;a, 'Ka8o).z'K6. H fJ6ptza nJ.t:vpa wv vaov.

Tmxoyparp(a, 1546.

l:,wv KUp(We; va6 cvctrniooovtm £II€WOOW orro roue; KUKAOUe; Tqe; ~w~e; TaU Xpioroi' Kat Tqe; Ilcvcvfoc: 0 Evayydwp6e;, q Ttvvrw'Yl' q Bpespoxtovia, q YnanaVT~, q Btiniurq, q Mcrap6prpworb q 'EY£PU11 IOV Aaiapou, q Barorp6- poe, 0 MvonK6c; Aeinvoc, 0 Nuunpa«, q IIPOOEVX1Z tou Xpzmov ato opoc, q IIpoooo{a, q Kp{U1] r«lv APXlEpi«lv, q An6vl'1P'Yl too II~Aawv, q lVIamiyworz, q Ilopeia tipoc to rolyo8a (EAx6J1Evoe;), fJ LTaVPWU1l (Ez1<.. 8),0 Etuuapuu; fJpljvoc; (EzK. 9), q JJpvrzrnz tou Iletpou, q Ano1<.aB1Aw0'Yl, q Etc; }toov KdBooo(, q Enio1<.£"I''Yl rwv Mvporp6pwv oro xev6 ]J.,v'YlJ,.leio (AiBoe;) (Ez'IC. 10), q 'i'''lAarprzml wv eWJ,.la (Ez'IC. 11), I} EJ,.lrpavwrz TOV Xpzmov move; 'Evoexa, '1 Ava.:t"l"l'rz, I] II£V!"l'ICom"z, EVW a KUUOC; KAElVEl llE 10 IIM1l JlOV druoo" Kat TO ileinvo EZe; Euuam»; AnElKOV(~OV1at, aK611T), YlOpTEe; Tqe; EKKAqo(ae; Kat Sau}lma, Eve{) an6 Tq ~CiJr} Tqe; l1avay(ae; noM xapaKTqpWT1.Kr} etvct '1 OKqVr} Tqe; Tivvrzo* TftC; (EzK. 12).

8EO([>ANI-Ir :ETPEAITZA:E - MnAGA:E

Etx. 7, J:lrwv 'Opoc, Mov~ EmvpovlK~m, 'Ka801lKo.

o rpovAor;: ITavwxpa:rwp, Beta Amovpyia, ITporrfty:r;, EvaYYf'AwTi(. Tmxorparp(er;, 1546.

II:TOPIA TUN TEXNUN - EPfA KAI J1HMIOYPfOl

Ei« 8. 1:lrwv 'Opoc, MoVJi Eravpovn"1w, "Ka(joAl"K6. H ErmJpwart. Tmxorparpia, 1546.

H Olma~1] lWV ay(wv OlOV Kupfwe; vee Kat am vCip81]Ka (Am)), puell(~elU1 aUj.Hpwva llE 1l]V 1EpapX1KI] KAflloKO crro movw npoe; 10 Konu, OPXl~Ovrcc pe touc npotprirsc, roue nponcropec, roue EUOYYEA101Ee; KCH touc orro- 016Aoue; Kat lEAEUBVOVlOC; }.lE 10Ue; ayloue; Kat roue p.6:p-rupEe;. 3EXWp(~El I] }lop<P1) lOU Neatopa (Et». 13) yta 1l]V EUYEVElO lOU 1)80uc; nou 1l]V OtaKPlVE1 Ka8wc; Kat yta lIJ.V lotahEpl] O}lOp<pUllIJ.e;. LlO vCip8IJ.KO orrElKOV((OVlOl aKOlJIJ. SUo OtKoup.EVIKEe; LUVOOot, IJ. I1puhIJ. Kat IJ. 'E~oop.IJ..

Ano lIJ. OtaKOOlJIJ.OI] lfJ<; TpCinE(ae; ~EXWp(~£l fJ lJop<PI] 1l1S Il sannepa« lIJ.<; mpiooe; (Ei». 14), nou OVyKEVlpwv£l ciAo tc xapoKll)plaltKCi lOU I]8oue; HIe; KpfJ1lKI]C; uxoA~e;.

Ot EtKOvoypa<plKE<; KOlVOlOlJlEe; non EIItXEtPI]OE Kat Km6p8woe 0 SED<pavIJ.<; alIJ. Movr] Etcupovucrjtc, <pavEpwvoUV Eva KoMllEXVIJ. nou oev IIeplO-

9E041ANHI ITPE,\ITZAr. - MIIA0AE

Etx. 9. 11rwv 'Opoc Mo1l'f[ Ewvpo'lfud{w, 'Kaf)o).nco. 0 Emuapux; epf[VOC;. TOIxoyparr£a, 1546.

pl~6"mv OTI}V Euuuveiorrrq mavaAq'PI} KaAwv np01\lIICUV, aUa EITl8u}J.DUUE va IIAOUTi(El Kat va aVaVEWVEl TqV U:Xv'1 LOU jie oUJ:cpopOUC; rponooc. EiXE, oqAaoq, aUVEloI}TOIIoujUEl TI}V tKav6TI}T6 TOU va O'1J1lOUPYEi, OWT'1PWVTac; IIaVTo pia II€IIOf8qol) oro npooomxo KUp0C; nou TOU EfXE IIpOOOWUEl '1. YEV1- KI} TOU anoooxq cue; op8ooo~ou KaMllEXVl)·

1:T'1 ~cuypaq>tKq TCUV KP'1TlKWV, JlE U]V napooo TOU Xpovou I} nopoooto TI}C; av8pwITlv'1.e; }lopcpqe; KuptapXIlOE Kat aUTO auVE~1} Kat JlE TI} ~cuypacptKI} TOU 8EOcp6VI}. LTO EPYO TOU TO tonto, tn xttpic, at nOAne; IIEpWpi(OVTat, OE ~a8Jlo nou va cnorssouv, 6muC; Kat oro neptooorspc Epya TOU 160u alwvn, ~oq8I}nKa OKl}voypaq>qpma. Ta oxqvovpcquxc xnpic 0XE016(OVTat oU]J.q>wva pE TI} .JlEOatWVIKq "av6:cn:pocp'1 npOOIIT1KIl", }.lE oop~anKI}, av Kat nOAUnA.OKI}, }lOpcpoAoyfa. Oi rponoi stvct po(avnvoi, DeV Kma~6:AAEml oI}Aaoq, rrpoonceeic vc D'1]J.lOUpY'18el '11.JfEuDafo8qoI} }.lwC; TphI}e; Ot6:owoI}e; JlEoa mq ouv8EOIl·

o 0Eocpavqe; Oq}llOUpyqOe rrpoiroc, UTa TotxoypacplKa auvoJ\a TOO Ay. 'Opocc, }lEyaAEe;, mEpEEe; Kat Eupu8}lEe;, aA.A6 Kat covcpnoonsec, 0XEOlQOn-

u;rOPIA TON TEXNON - EPfA KAI M-IMIOYPfOI

Ell'. 10. }1rzov 'OpOC;, Mov1 EravpoV'n'~Ta, xa80A.lX6. O: Mvporpopcc; OTOV Ttapo.

TOlXOrparp(a, 1546.

ElK. 11. J:I ywv OpOC;, Mov11 EWVPOvlK'1-,;a, Ka8oArx:o. H lPllAarplla1'l rov eUJp,d.

T01xOrparpia, 1546.

0EOIPAN'H!: LTI'EAITZAL - :'\1I1AHAl:

EZK. 12. JtylOV "OpOC;, Mow? Ewvpovl"Ic1ra, xa8oJ.1'Ico. H rivVTfa'fJ, "lilt; Ilavaviac.

Tmxoyparpia, 1546.

Ka Kat xpwpanKa aUvSeOEH;. LTI)V IIot611)la lWV aUVSeOEWV IOU ocpEfAEIat, E~aAAou, I) KaStepwoq 10U<; W<; Kopucpafwv BnY}.lmwv 11]<; 8PIJOKEUllKq<; op- 86Bo~IJ<; ~wypacpIKilS lOU 160u Kat lOU 170u atwva. Lw epya lOU E>EocpavIJ owmOT<lJVElOl 6n at av8pWIIat anEIKovf~oVlat oo~apof. O~wyp6q)Q<; anoppfrrtst, w<; CioEp.VEe; (owe;, m; EK<ppaollKE<; BpaJlOltK61IJ1E<;. H ouvaw8qJlOlIKIt <p6pnoq Kat IJ atKE161IJ1U ovcusoo OE npooonc nors OEV UIIEp~aivn IO Jlelpo. Tc npotuno ~piaKOVTat Aiyo-IToAu one IT1)YE<; 11)<; ~u~aVTlvq<; lEXVIJ<;, oIJAaoq OlIJV lEXVI} ll]e; UOlEpIJ<; apxat61IJ10C;. H ioropur] auYKup(a EIIETPEtpE OlO E>EOcp6v1) npOKEt}lEVOU va toopponqoei cvdpsoc DE ouo IIoAmOllKE<; napa86oEH;, EKEfvIJ T1)<; EVElOKPOlOUPEV'l<; Kpr]TIJC; Kat aUTtllIl<; WupKoKpaTOU}lEVIJ<; EAA60a<;, va UIJ1WOEl 10 mlIIEOo ul<; WIIlKr]<; KalinEXVIKqc; napaywy*.

AVuJvu}1at KpIJTlKOi ~wyp6q)Qt, OE 6AAE<; JlOVE<; TOU Ayfou 'Opooc, EKIIpOoonqcov lIJ "OXO/\q" TOU 8EO<p6vq pET6 TOV 8avm6 TOU. 0 Kp1)llK6e; ~(r)yp6-

UTOPIA TON TEXNON - EPfA KAI .i1HMIOYPfOi

<poe; T~WptQ}C;, yvwm6c; an6 ric tOlxoypmplEe; tqe; Movqc LllOvuoiou (1547) Evrcooorov 010 {ow u:XVOtPOUlK6 KAi}la. Ilcpooofc I} EITiOpaoq tOU 8EO<pavI} cvrcvnxsoiiv, Enioqc;, Ol OLaKoO}lOl DE 110VE{,; TWV MCIEWPWV, onox I]_ MoVI) MEta11oP<puJOEwc; (1552) Kat IJ ]lOVI} Pouodvou (1560). 6.W<pOPEllKI), an6 tOY EUYEVLK6 KAaUlKWJl6 IOU 8EO<paVI}, 100'1 EK<PpO~El 6JlwC; I]_ tEXVq TaU lEpee Eixppooovou OE EIK6vEe; tqe; Movrj; Lll0VUOtOU (1542).

Ei». 13. Jly"lOV 'Opoc, Movq EwvpoV'llC1j;ra, xa8oJ.z-x:o. 0 ayzoc; NtOTWP, Mnwp.ipaa.

T01xoyparp{a, } 546.

E<paJll,uoc; lOU 8Eo<pavq ~wyp6<p0c; unriP~E Tllv iOta EITOXI) 0 8qpaioc; <l>payyoc; KmEAavo<;, EKIIPOOWIIOC; Ev6C; rno IIPOOOEUTtKOU Kat aVaVEWllKOlJ pEU}latOC; OlIlV ~wypa<plKI) lI}e; EIIOXI}C;, nou OUJl~allKa ovo11a01I}KE "axoJ\I)

GEOcDANIn: ETPEAITZAI - MIIAGAI

El1C. 14. Arwv 'Opoc, Mov~ Eravpovz'K1ra, Tpaneto. H Ilkatvupa, .\cnTOJLip£w.

TOlxOrparpia, 1546.

TqC; ~OPElOOUTtKqC; EU60ae;". L.TOV (OW KUKAO cvqxcv Kat OUO aUOl e:q~o(Ol, Ol oBEAq>ol fEWpYWe; lEpeac; Kat cI>payyoc; KOVTOpqe;. Etvct XapaKTI}P1UT1KO on TO Buo ~Wypa<plK6 pElJllaTa, ":q KPI}TtKq OXOAq" Kat "q 0XOAq TI}e; ~opElOounKqc; EU6Bac;", qTav T600 anOOEKTa we; aVn8ETlKec; TaOEU;, wmE 0 KmEAavoc; OtaKOOPI}OE TO napEKKAll01 lOU Ay. N1KOAaou OTI}V Aaupa ore 1560, Alya xp6vw pETa lqv TOlxoypaq>qoq TOU Ka8oA1KoU an6 lOY 8eoq>avI}.

ItTOPIA TON TEXNON - EPfA KAI JHII\1I0YPfOi

01 "OXOAE<;" nou owp.Op<pw8I]Kav 10 160 mwva €I1I]piaoav Ka80p1OTtKa 6AI] II] V Jleta yEvimE prJ. roue ~WY pa<plK Ii., 0 SEop.6c; lWV OlKOYEVEWKWV ouVEpyEiWV anOIEAWE xcvovc yw roue snojievoix mWVE<;. Ot ~wypa<pOl lOU 17 au, 180u Kat 190U ctoivc qxnvovrci va EmoKla~OVlat an6 tc npoumc Kat 10 KaAAllEXV1K6 jlEyESO<; TOU 8wc.pavI}, IOU KmEAavou Kat aAAWv ~wypa<pwv lOU 160u mwva aAAa Kat va EnqpEa~OVlat orjpcvnxc err' cerocc.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful